Unfortunately, some Form I-130 Petitions will end up being denied for a number of different reasons. Your visa application could be denied simply on the basis of a minor error made on your application, or due to a missing document that you are required to submit. In other cases, your petition could be denied because the person being sponsored is actually ineligible for the visa, or for another substantive reason.
The USCIS processing authorities have discretion over the decision whether or not to approve these petitions; however, the basis for their approval or denial will be upon the qualifications as provided by law. If a petition is denied, the agency will provide the applicant with the reasoning behind the denial.
If your Form I-130 Petition is denied, you have the option to appeal this decision to the Board of Immigration Appeals. You can also opt to reapply and fix any mistakes that were made which caused the initial rejection of your petition. At this stage in the process, it is a good idea to contact an Immigrant Visa I-130 USCIS Lawyer who can help you figure out what went wrong and help you to correct any errors made on your first petition.
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