If you file a Form I-130, it is considered the first step in helping your eligible relative apply to obtain a green card and immigrate to the United States. Merely filing or obtaining approval of the petition does not provide your relative any immigration benefit or status just yet. There are more steps to take to further that process.
In most cases, the U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services will approve your Form I-130 if you successfully establish a relationship between you and your relative that allows them to qualify to immigrate to the United States. After the petition is approved, the individual seeking to become a U.S. citizen or lawful permanent resident will then apply to become a lawful permanent resident. This is step two in the process.
An immigrant visa is always available if your relative is an immediate relative. If it is not an immediate relationship, then your relative may need to wait until a visa number becomes available.
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